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2020年09月11日
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高培勇: 把握新时代社会主义市场经济体制BG视讯新变化

2019-09-11 11:51:20|来源:BG视讯_bg视讯官方网站-官网APP下载 |作者: 高培勇

摘要:BG视讯新时代社会主义市场经济体制改革如何深化,是一个极为关键的问题。一个时代有一个时代的主题,一个阶段有一个阶段的使命。立足于中国特色社会主义新时代这一新的历史起点,党中央、国务院近期作出了一系列旨在加快完善社会主义市场经济体制的战略部署。


xinshidaishehuizhuyishichangjingjitizhigaigeruheshenhua,shiyigejiweiguanjiandewenti。yigeshidaiyouyigeshidaidezhuti,yigejieduanyouyigejieduandeshiming。lizuyuzhongguoteseshehuizhuyixinshidaizheiyixindelishiqidian,dangzhongyang、guowuyuanjinqizuochuleyixiliezhizaijiakuaiwanshanshehuizhuyishichangjingjitizhidezhanlvebushu。

BG视讯bgshixunzixidiyandu、linghuizheixiezhanlvebushu,tebieshi《zhonggongzhongyang guowuyuanguanyuxinshidaijiakuaiwanshanshehuizhuyishichangjingjitizhideyijian》(yixiajiancheng《yijian》),jiuhuifaxianbushaotuchudebianhua。zheijiyoulilunshangdexingaikuo,youyoushijianshangdexinyaoqiu;bujinconggenggaoqidian、genggaocengci、genggaomubiaoshangqingxigoulelegengjiaxitongwanbei、gengjiachengshudingxingdegaoshuipingshehuizhuyishichangjingjitizhi“luxiantu”,erqiejizhongtixianlexinshidaishehuizhuyishichangjingjitizhibgshixundelilunluoji。

植根中国特色社会主义新时代的国情土壤

zhongguoteseshehuizhuyixinshidai,jitonggaigekaifangyilaidefazhanlichengyimaixiangcheng,youtixianlehenduoyushijujindexintezhenghexinqushi。xinshidaishehuizhuyishichangjingjitizhibgshixun,dangranyaozhigenyuzhongguoteseshehuizhuyixinshidaideguoqingturang。

(一)社会主要矛盾变化的重大影响

congrenminriyizengzhangdewuzhiwenhuaxuyaotongluohoudeshehuishengchanzhijiandemaodunzhuanhuaweirenminriyizengzhangdemeihaoshenghuoxuyaoyubupinghengbuchongfendefazhanzhijiandemaodun,bgshixunguoshehuizhuyaomaodundezhongdalishixingbianhua,duishehuizhuyishichangjingjitizhibgshixunchanshengleguangfanershenkedeyingxiang。

BG视讯xinshidairenminriyizengzhangdemeihaoshenghuoxuyaohangailewuzhihejingshenlianggecengmian,danzhongdiantuozhanqiechengweizhongxindegengduoshijingshencengmian——duiyuminzhu、fazhi、gongping、zhengyi、anquan、huanjingfangmiandexuyao。jiangrenminduiyuwuzhishenghuo、jingshenshenghuodegenggaoyaoqiuyupojiefazhanbupinghengbuchongfendewentijinmiduijie,bingzhubuxianghouyifangmianqingxie,jiangjidaditishengshehuizhuyishichangjingjitizhibgshixundegejuzhanwei。yinweizheiyiweizhe,xinshidaishehuizhuyishichangjingjitizhibgshixun,bixujianchiyirenminweizhongxin,shenkerenshibgshixunguoshehuizhuyaomaodunfazhanbianhuadailaidexintezhengxinyaoqiu,weiraopojiefazhanbupinghengbuchongfenwenti、buduanshixianrenminduimeihaoshenghuodexiangwangerzhankaihetuijin。yifangmian,yaobarenminmeihaoshenghuoxuyaozuoweijingzi,quanmianshenshigefangmiandezhiduhezhengceguiding,congzhongzhaozhunduanbanheruoxiang、maodunhewenti,zuoweigaigedetupokouchixufali;lingyifangmian,yaobarenminmeihaoshenghuoxuyaozuoweiyixiangyuanze,tongguochuangxinzhidushejihezhengceanpai,jiangqiguanchuanyuxinshidaishehuizhuyishichangjingjitizhibgshixungehuanjiehequanguocheng。

(二)经济发展阶段变化提出的新要求

gaozhiliangfazhan,shizhishangjiushizhilianghexiaoyitidaiguimohezengsuchengweijingjifazhandeshouyaowenti,yejiushijingjifazhancong“youmeiyou”“youduoshao”zhuanxiang“haobuhao”“youbuyou”。

congtuidongjingjigaozhiliangfazhandegaodudingweishehuizhuyishichangjingjitizhibgshixun,conggengduoguanzhujingjifazhanguimohezengsuxianggengduoguanzhujingjifazhanzhilianghexiaoyizhuanbian,congzhuiqiujingjifazhan“tiliangyoushi”he“suduyoushi”xiangzhuiqiujingjifazhan“zhiliangyoushi”he“xiaoyiyoushi”zhuanbian,jiangjidatuozhanshehuizhuyishichangjingjitizhibgshixundeshiye,yinweizheiyiweizhebixujianchizhiliangdiyi、xiaoyiyouxian,weiraotuidongjingjifazhancong“youmeiyou”“youduoshao”xiang“haobuhao”“youbuyou”dezhuanbianerzhankaihetuijin。yifangmian,yaoweishixiangenggaozhiliang、gengyouxiaolv、gengjiagongping、gengkechixu、gengweianquandefazhanwanshanjibenzhidukuangjia、tigongzhidubaozhang;lingyifangmian,yaojiangzhilianghexiaoyizuoweikaopingjingjifazhanhejingjigongzuodejibenbiaochi,buduantuidongjingjifazhanzhiliangbiange、xiaolvbiange、donglibiange,jianggaozhiliangfazhanzuoweiquedingfazhansilu、zhidingjingjizhengce、shishihongguandiaokongdegenbenyaoqiu。

(三)全面深化改革的联动推进

congyijingjitizhigaigeweizhuburuquanmianshenhuagaigexinshiqi,bgshixunguogaigekaifangshiyedezheiyizhongdalishixingbianhua,bujinbiaozhizhegaigejinrushenshuiquhegongjianqi,erqiejidafengfuleshehuizhuyishichangjingjitizhibgshixundeneihan。

BG视讯gaigekaifangqianshedaojingjishehuiyixilietizhijizhidezhuanxing。zuoweiyixianghongdaerfuzadexitonggongcheng,jingjitizhigaigebukenengdanbingtujin,biranqiandongzhengzhi、wenhua、shehui、shengtaiwenmingtizhigaige。jiangjingjitizhigaigedefenmubiaotongquanmianshenhuagaigedezongmubiaoxiangduijie,yiweizhexinshidaishehuizhuyishichangjingjitizhibgshixunbixuyiguojiazhilitixihezhilinenglixiandaihuaweizhuzhou,zaitongzhengzhitizhi、wenhuatizhi、shehuitizhi、shengtaiwenmingtizhigaigedeliandongzhongzhankaihetuijin,rongruquanmianshenhuagaige。yifangmian,yaotiaochu“jiujingjilunjingji”desiweijuxian,fahuijingjitizhigaigeqianyinzuoyong,xietongtuijinzhengzhi、wenhua、shehui、shengtaiwenmingdenglingyugaige,cujinshehuizhuyishichangjingjitizhibgshixunyuquanmianshenhuagaigegaoxiaoliandong;lingyifangmian,yaojiangjingjitizhigaigezuoweiquanmianshenhuagaigezhongdiangongcheng,yijingjitizhigaigezhichenghetuidongquanmianshenhuagaige,shixianshehuizhuyishichangjingjitizhibgshixunyuguojiazhilitixihezhilinenglixiandaihuatongpingongzhen。

朝着解决BG视讯国发展中的突出矛盾和问题而去

makesizhuyizhexuegaosubgshixun,zaiyouduozhongmaodunhewentisuogouchengdeshiwufazhanguochengzhong,biyouyizhongshizhuyaomaodun,tadecunzaihefazhanjuedinghuoyingxiangzheqitamaodundecunzaihefazhan。xinshidaishehuizhuyishichangjingjitizhibgshixun,dangranyaogenjudangzhongyangzhongdajuecebushu,lizuyugaozhiliangfazhanjieduandexinmubiao、xinrenwu,zhaozhunjiejuedangdaizhongguofazhanzhuyaowentidegenbenzhelidian。

(一)全面贯彻新发展理念

BG视讯jianchixinfazhanlinian,shiguanxibgshixunguofazhanquanjudeyichangshenkebiange。“chuangxin、xiediao、lvse、kaifang、gongxiang”wudaxinfazhanlinian,jishijiyubgshixunguojingjijinrugaozhiliangfazhanjieduandekeguanzhuangtaiertichude,gengshibenzhejiejuebgshixunguofazhanzhongdetuchumaodunhewentierqude。xinshidaishehuizhuyishichangjingjitizhibgshixunbixuyixinfazhanlinianweiyinling,bazhuyilijizhongdaoweijiejuejingjifazhandezhilianghexiaoyiwentitigongzhidubaozhangshanglai。yifangmian,yaojiangxinfazhanlinianzuoweiguanquanju、guangenben、guanfangxiang、guanzhangyuandejichuxinghezhichengxingyaosuqianrudaoshehuizhuyishichangjingjitizhizhizhong,rangchuangxinchengweiyinlingfazhandediyidongli,rangxiediaochengweichixujiankangfazhandeneishengtedian,ranglvsechengweiyongxufazhandebiyaotiaojianherenminduimeihaoshenghuozhuiqiudezhongyaotixian,rangkaifangchengweiguojiafanrongfazhandebiyouzhilu,ranggongxiangchengweijingjifazhandegenbenmude;lingyifangmian,yaojiangxinfazhanlinianzuoweiyigezhengtirongruyushehuizhuyishichangjingjitizhizhizhong,shigefangmianxingchengheli,xianghuguantong、xianghucujin,chengweijuyouneizailianxidejiheti,zhenzhengzuodaochongshangchuangxin、zhuzhongxiediao、changdaolvse,houzhikaifang、tuijingongxiang。

(二)坚持以供给侧结构性改革为主线

BG视讯gongjicejiegouxinggaigeshizaiquanmianfenxizhongguojingjifazhanjieduanxingtezhengdejichushangtichude。bgshixunguoyijinrugaozhiliangfazhanjieduan,wuzhiduanqueweizongtishangshixianxiaokangsuotidai、“youmeiyou”he“youduoshao”wei“haobuhao”he“youbuyou”suotidai,yinci,bixubazhongdianfangzaijiejuejiegouxingwentihegongjicewentishang。xinshidaishehuizhuyishichangjingjitizhibgshixun,bixujinjinzhuazhugongjicejiegouxinggaigezheitiaozhuxian,bazhuyilijizhongdaoweijiakuaixingchengyiguoneidaxunhuanweizhuti、guoneiguojishuangxunhuanxianghucujindexinfazhangejutigongzhidubaozhangshanglai。yifangmian,yaocongchijiuzhandejiaodurenshigongjicejiegouxinggaige,jiangqiqianrudaoshehuizhuyishichangjingjitizhibgshixunzhizhong,gengduocaiyonggaigedebanfa,gengduoyunyongshichanghuafazhihuashouduan,zaigonggu、zengqiang、tisheng、changtongshangxiagongfu,weijingjigaozhiliangfazhantigongjianshikekaodezhidubaozhang;lingyifangmian,yaojianchijiegoudiaozhengdezhanlvefangxiang,jiangyoulizuxuqiucezhuanweilizugongjice、youjujiaoxuqiuzongliangzhuanweijujiaogongjijiegou、youzhuzhongduanqipinghengzhuanweizhuzhongjingjizengzhangdongli,youzhuyaoyituozhengcediaozhengzhuanweizhuyaoyituogaigexingdong,jiadajiegouxinggaigelidu,chuangxinzhidugongji,chixuzengqiangjingjifazhandonglihehuoli,shiyingheyindaoyouxiaoxuqiu,cujingenggaoshuipingdegongxudongtaipingheng。

(三)加快BG视讯现代化经济体系

xindefazhanjieduanxuyaoxindejingjitixizhicheng。xinfazhanlinianyehao,gongjicejiegouxinggaigezhuxianyeba,zuizhongdouyaoluoshiyujingjitixibgshixunzhizhong。bgshixunxiandaihuajingjitixizheiyimingti,shizaishenkefenxibgshixunguoguominjingjitiximianlindeduanbanyuruoxiangjichushangtichude。bgshixunbujinyaoshixianjiegouzhuanxing,youzhongdiduanchanyeweizhuzhuanxiangzhonggaoduanchanyeweizhu,erqieyaoshixianxinjiudongnengzhuanhuan。xinshidaishehuizhuyishichangjingjitizhibgshixunbixuweiraoquanlihangshixiandaihuajingjitixibgshixunzheigejichugongcheng,bazhuyilijizhongdaoweijiakuaixiandaihuajingjitixibgshixuntigongzhidubaozhangshanglai。yifangmian,yaoshixianchanyetixi、shichangtixi、shourufenpeitixi、chengxiangquyufazhantixi、lvsefazhantixi、quanmiankaifangtixidengyitihuabgshixun;lingyifangmian,yaojiangbgshixunxiandaihuajingjitixizuoweiyixiangfuzaxitonggongchengrongruyushehuizhuyishichangjingjitizhibgshixunzhizhong,kexuebawobgshixunxiandaihuajingjitixidemubiaohezhongdian,tuidongzhuanbianjingjifazhanfangshi、youhuajingjijiegou、zhuanhuanjingjizengzhangdongli。

在社会主义基本经济制度层面布局和推进

dangdeshijiujiesizhongquanhuixitongmiaohuilezhongguoteseshehuizhuyizhidu“tupu”,yediyicijiangshehuizhuyishichangjingjitizhitishengzhijibenjingjizhiducengmianjiayidingwei,zheishixijinpingxinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyijingjisixiangdezhongyaochuangxinhefazhan。xinshidaishehuizhuyishichangjingjitizhibgshixunyaogenjuzheiyiquanxindingwei,zaishehuizhuyijibenjingjizhiducengmianbujuhetuijin。

(一)立足长期性和稳定性打造制度框架

BG视讯xiangduiyuyibanjingjizhidu,jibenjingjizhidutuxianzhangqixinghewendingxing,qizheguifanfangxiangdezuoyong,duijingjizhidushuxinghejingjifazhanjieduanjuyoujuedingxingyingxiang。suizheshehuizhuyishichangjingjitizhitishengzhijibenjingjizhiducengmian,tabiantonggongyouzhiweizhuti、duozhongsuoyouzhijingjigongtongfazhanheanlaofenpeiweizhuti、duozhongfenpeifangshibingcunyidao,beifuyulezhangqixinghewendingxingyiyi。sanzhexianghulianxi、xianghuzhichi、xianghucujin,chengweizhichengqishehuizhuyijingjizhiduzhutikuangjiadesangezhizhu。

zheiyiweizhe,xinshidaishehuizhuyishichangjingjitizhibgshixunbixulizuyuzhangqixinghewendingxing,jiangqizuoweizaizhenggejingjizhidutixizhongjuyoujichuxing、juedingxingdiweidejibenjingjizhidujiayidazao。yifangmian,yaojiangzhongguoteseshehuizhuyizhidubgshixunyushehuizhuyishichangjingjibgshixunyoujijieheqilai,weigoujiangengjiayouxiaoguanyong、luojiguantong、xianjiepipeidejingjizhidutixihetuidongjingjigaozhiliangfazhantigongzhongyaozunxunheyituo;lingyifangmian,yaoweirao“siliangbazhu”xingzhidezhiduanpai,jinyibujiefangsixiang,jiandingbuyishenhuashichanghuagaige,kuodagaoshuipingkaifang,buduanzaijingjitizhiguanjianxing、jichuxingzhongdagaigeshangtupochuangxin。

(二)让政府更有为、市场更有效

xiangduiyuyiwanggaige,zuoweijibenjingjizhiducengmiandeshehuizhuyishichangjingjitizhi,suomiaozhundeshigenggaoqidian、genggaocengci、genggaomubiaoyijigengjiaxitongwanbei、gengjiachengshudingxingdegaoshuipingbgshixunmubiao,qi“hanjinliang”jigao。

《yijian》weiraozhengfuheshichangzheiyishehuizhuyishichangjingjizhongbixuchulihaodeshouyaoguanxi,jichuleqijinzuiweikaifang、zuiweitouchedechanshi: “jianchishehuizhuyishichangjingjigaigefangxiang,gengjiazunzhongshichangjingjiyibanguilv,zuidaxiandujianshaozhengfuduishichangziyuandezhijiepeizhiheduiweiguanjingjihuodongdezhijieganyu,chongfenfahuishichangzaiziyuanpeizhizhongdejuedingxingzuoyong,genghaofahuizhengfuzuoyong,youxiaomibushichangshiling”。

zheiyiweizhe,xinshidaishehuizhuyishichangjingjitizhibgshixun,bixulizuyushichanghuagaigefangxiang,genghaodijiangshichanghezhengfu“liangzhishou”youxiaojieheqilai。rangshichangzheizhi“kanbujiandeshou”chongfenshizhan,tuidongziyuanpeizhishixianxiaoyizuidahua、xiaolvzuiyouhua,rangzhengfuzheizhi“kandejiandeshou”shoufangziru,buquewei、buyuewei。

(三)力度更大、范围更广

xiangduiyuyiwanggaige,zuoweijibenjingjizhiducengmiandeshehuizhuyishichangjingjitizhi,suoxutupodedoushizhangqikunraobgshixunguojingjifazhande“wanji”huo“laodanan”wenti,qiliduheshejifanweiqiansuoweiyou。

《yijian》duiyubgshixunguoxianxingjingjitizhituchuduanbanheruoxiangzuochuqingxizhenduan: “shichangtixihaibujianquan、shichangfayuhaibuchongfen,zhengfuheshichangdeguanximeiyouwanquanlishun,haicunzaishichangjilibuzu、yaosuliudongbuchang、ziyuanpeizhixiaolvbugao、weiguanjingjihuolibuqiangdengwenti,tuidonggaozhiliangfazhanrengcunzaibushaotizhijizhizhangai”。

这意味着,新时代社会主义市场经济体制BG视讯一方面要以完善产权制度和要素市场化配置为重点,全面深化经济体制改革,BG视讯高标准市场体系,实现产权有效激励、要素自由流动、价格反应灵活、竞争公平有序、企业优胜劣汰;另一方面要加强和改善制度供给,加快国内制度规则与国际接轨,以更高水平开放促进深层次市场化改革,推进国家治理体系和治理能力现代化,推动生产关系同生产力、上层建筑同经济基础相适应,实现更高质量、更有效率、更加公平、更可持续、更为安全的发展。
(作者系中国社会科学院副院长、学部委员,中国社会科学院习近平新时代中国特色社会主义思想研究中心研究员 高培勇)

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